*20th Century Boys Book 1 — Recommended

Review by Ed Sizemore

When Kenji was nine years old, he dreamed of saving Japan from alien invaders and nuclear holocaust, but as a 37-year-old man, he runs the family convenience store. His days are now filled with stocking shelves, dealing with his cranky mother, and raising the baby his sister dropped off at his doorstep. Suddenly, strange things begin to happen around him. A loyal customer and his wife disappear. Next, a childhood friend dies under mysterious circumstances. Stranger still is that a symbol from his childhood seems to be tied to all these events. Kenji wants to solve these mysteries and find out how they’re connected to his youth.

20th Century Boys Book 1 cover
20th Century Boys Book 1
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My first reaction after reading this book was, “This feels so American.” This is not a complaint, just an observation. It’s because the cultural references and Kenji’s experiences are typical of Americans his age. He talks about hearing the Rolling Stones for the first time and how obsessed he became with the song “Jumping Jack Flash”. How that song inspired him to learn guitar and fueled his desire to be in a rock band. Kenji remembers staying up all night hoping to see the moon landing on TV. The flashbacks to his youth reminded me of the film Stand by Me. As an adult, he visits the university campus, where two competing departments are playing a baseball game for bragging rights. So many details are similar to what you’d find in America that it just didn’t feel like the typical manga to me.

20th Century Boys is a true graphic novel in the deepest sense of the term. It has all the characteristics of the best novels combined with excellent art. Perhaps it’s a sad comment on comics, both American and Japanese, but the literary excellence of this book completely caught me off guard. Here is a manga that is meticulously plotted with carefully crafted characters that come to life before your eyes. What makes these characters so real is their rich tapestry of emotions. You don’t just have the standard emotions of happiness, anger, and sadness. There’s also nostalgia, wistfulness, resignation, and regret. I’ve never read a manga with so much emotional complexity and subtlety. Urasawa brilliantly conveys these feelings powerfully, but indirectly.

Take, for example, Kenji’s unspoken regret about never getting to be a rock star. We’ve seen in flashbacks his love for the Rolling Stones, his learning guitar, and his skipping classes in college to hang out and play the instrument. An old friend comes by and asks if he still plays. He replies, “That old thing? I don’t even know where it is anymore. Look at these fingers. All soft and flabby!” His wistfulness can be seen in his posture, his facial expression, and heard in his words. These four panels are a perfect example of the power of comics. Each picture is worth a thousand words. It’s great to read a comic where the author has enough faith in this audience to understand what is going on without having to be spoon-fed.

Urasawa’s master storytelling is seen in the way he connects the flashbacks and the present. We aren’t shown idle remembrances from Kenji’s childhood; each episode from the past has some connection to the present. Sometimes you have to wait a couple of chapters for the full implications of how what we’ve seen fits. The interaction between the past and the present communicate poignantly that sense of nostalgia, even when Kenji himself isn’t aware of it. I like the way Urasawa strings the memories together. He really captures that stream-of-consciousness feel. Kenji’s memory about hearing the Stones leads to a memory of playing air guitar that leads to a memory of him buying his first guitar. Each episode tells us something further about Kenji and how the events are intertwined give a glimpse deep into his psyche. Urasawa has fashioned a tight narrative that rewards second and third readings.

I don’t want to paint this as a somber, humorless manga; it isn’t. The first chapter starts out with great broad humor as we see Kenji and his mother together in the store bickering the way families do. Initially, Kenji comes off as a bit of a bumpkin, obsessed with running the convenience store. It’s a time-tested way to hook an audience, start with a joke. Slowly the manga settles into a more serious tone, but there is always a strand of humor running through the book. Urasawa doesn’t just use one style of humor either. Some of the jokes are very subtle, and if you’re not paying attention or reading too quickly, you’ll miss them.

It’s obvious by now that I like Kenji and find him a very sympathetic character. His most impressive characteristic is the ability to roll with the punches and disappointments in life most admirably. He didn’t get to save Japan from eminent danger or become a rock star, and he doesn’t wallow in bitterness over this. He runs the convenience store like that’s what he’s always wanted to do. His sister shows up, drops off her baby, and then disappears. He raises the child like she’s his own. He gives her all the love and care she needs without complaining about her being a burden. He’s a genuinely nice guy, and Urasawa doesn’t make fun of Kenji for being that.

Part of this probably comes from the fact that Kenji and his friends are only seven years older than I am. I was too young to remember the moon landing, but I lived in a world profoundly shaped by that event. My friends and I also grew up listening to the radio and getting excited by music we were hearing. Kenji’s thirty-seven in this manga, I’m forty-one, so I can relate to where’s he at in life.

This manga is drawn in a much more realistic style than usual for the medium. In the beginning, it reminded me a little of the house style of Mad magazine, especially because of the exaggerated expressions Kenji and his mother use when fighting. Of course, this added to the ‘American’ feel of the book. After the second chapter, the artwork seemed to slightly move away from this style. All the artwork is excellent, but Urasawa’s real gift is facial expressions. He’s able to communicate any emotion. It’s a pleasure just to flip through the book and look at the all the facial closeups. He also lays out the pages well. He does wonderful things with panel sizes and arrangement to capture the right mood or quicken the pace.

20th Century Boys had me hooked before I even finished the first chapter. This book is written for adults, and really only adults can fully appreciate it. To truly get inside the characters and the narrative you need to be past thirty and settling in what you’re most likely going to be doing for the rest of your life. It’s a masterpiece. It’s so rare to read a comic, or even a novel, with so many layers put together so adeptly. I’m already jittery with anticipation for the next volume. (This review was based on a galley provided by the publisher.)


  1. Wow, this manga sounds wonderful.

  2. This sound like something worth tracking down. Like Ed, I’m at the right age to connect with Kenji’s experiences.

    The kids on the cover are playing Ultraman! I watched way too much of that show as a 7-year-old. (Series premise: every week a giant monster would come destroy Tokyo, and every week Ultraman would fight him.)


  3. Rob,

    I remember Ultraman well. I would come home from grade school and watch it. I loved the show too.

    I should have pointed out in the review that Urasawa was born in 1960 himself.

  4. With most people, when I try to explain Ultraman, I get blank stares. Glad someone else remembers.

    (Although, to be fair, the odds that a guy my age who reviews manga on the internet has seen the show are pretty darn high.)

    I wonder how the show would hold up if I went back and re-watched it. I remember being very disappointed in Speed Racer (another favorite of mine back in the day) when I tried to watch a couple of episodes in college.

  5. Here in Germany the series is already at volume 20 and things are only getting better throughout the series. I liked Urasawa’s Monster a lot but to me 20th Century Boys is actually the better series of the two of them (slightly).

    Looking forward to Pluto from Urasawa as well.

  6. Rob,

    I’m a big fan of 50’s & 60’s low-budget sci-fi films and the films of Ed Wood. I might not think Ultraman is as cool and radical as I did as a kid, but I think I would still enjoy its low-budget charms today.

  7. 20 volumes? Wow! I’ve only read the first (which I need to re-read, since Ed’s review pointed more things to notice out to me), but I can see how 20CB is better, if only because it’s more ambitious.

  8. 20 volumes of this much goodness makes me weep for joy.

  9. […] first installment of a conversation with the author of Monster. Related: Ed Sizemore reviews the first volume of 20th Century Boys, one of two new Urasawa series about to make their […]

  10. […] of all, I keep re-reading Ed Sizemore’s review of Naoki Urasawa’s 20th Century Boys and find myself desperately wanting to read the manga. […]

  11. Great review and I, too, loved Ultraman as a kid. :)

  12. […] which I think covers just about everybody. I somehow missed this when it went up, but Ed reviewed vol. 1 of 20th Century Boys last week. Erica also recently posted her take on the yuri light novel vol. 2 of Wild Bouquet. Over […]

  13. Great review…but in some ways completely misleading (you didn’t even mention Friend!). Your review makes it seem like a full on character driven drama. While that is definitely part of it, you kinda skip over the meat of the series. At it’s core, it’s a suspense, mystery story. I always says this is the Lost of manga (well actually…it came first so Lost is the 20thCB of TV). It has the same mix of well developed characters and having a million mysteries and cliffhangers, which is the truly addicting part. Like Lost, weird things happen, and they might have a logical explanation or they might not, and you always think you might know what’s going, but you have no clue.
    I also find it interesting that you say it’s so American. You’re right about the stuff you mentioned, but I also feel a lot of it is just SO Japanese. A lot of things refer to not only Japanese pop culture, but OLD Japanese pop culture. For instance, for anyone new to manga, one scene with a character looking at Inuyasha saying “Is this Urusei Yatsura?” would completely go over their heads. I’m assuming that for some volumes they’ll have some notes in the back to explain certain things.

  14. Bahamut,

    I can’t comment on the rest of the series, since I’ve only read volume 1. We will have to agree to disagree on the focus of this particular book. I felt the focus of this volume was getting to know Kenji, his past, and his circle of friends. The mystery element is there, but it’s not the center of the narrative.

    As for comparing it to Lost, I’d be interested in what others think. I never watched the show, since I couldn’t even stomach the commericals.

  15. To be fair, it’s been a long while since I’ve read the first volume , so maybe I’m remembering certain things happening sooner.
    Heck, I never even finished the series…I stopped reading scanlations once I knew it was coming out here(I’ve been checking Amazon every day like a madman in the hopes they have it early…they usually do have Viz titles at least 2 weeks early).But, all the things you say about this volume definitely hold true throughout what I have read.
    Either way, the bottom-line is this is must-own title!! The fact that Viz decided to release Pluto at the same time is almost too much joy to bear.

  16. […] fascinating read. I was completely drawn into the world that Urasawa created in this book. Like his 20th Century Boys, this series is written by an adult for adult readers. Those of us with more than a couple of […]

  17. […] has released a promotional poster for 20th Century Boys that prominently quotes site reviewer Ed […]

  18. […] you have a chance to win a 20th Century Boys “Friend” pin by participating in this trivia quiz. Enter by April 19; winners announced […]

  19. […] book to book. The plot focus of this volume is the identity of Our Friend. If you’ve read the first volume, then you already know who he is. Part of the fun of this book is watching how different characters […]

  20. […] series, we leave them up to one reviewer or the other instead of switching off. Although Ed’s previously reviewed the first two volumes, I wanted to get in on recommending this astoundingly good series. […]

  21. […] series, we leave them up to one reviewer or the other instead of switching off. Although Ed’s previously reviewed the first two volumes, I wanted to get in on recommending this astoundingly good series. […]

  22. […] of a partnership between the Viz Signature line (which publishes titles aimed as adults, including 20th Century Boys, Oishinbo, Detroit Metal City, and Pluto) and the monthly manga magazine IKKI. The Japanese […]

  23. […] question keeps coming up: Which is the better series, this or 20th Century Boys? I was firmly in the latter camp until reading this volume. While both are excellent, I’m […]

  24. […] years ago in 1988. We also discover what happened to Professor Sikishima and his family. Remember, volume 1 opened with police investigating the Sikishima family’s disappearance. 20th Century Boys Book […]

  25. […] covered the first volume of Pluto, Manga Worth Reading has helpful reviews of the first volumes of 20th Century Boys and Monster. […]

  26. […] 20th Century Boys — The second Naoki Urasawa work on the list (Pluto being the first), which is pretty amazing. Also amazing is how easy it is to argue over which is better, with answers varying based on which chapter of which series has most recently come out and how impressed the reader is. This series can be more wide-ranging than the other, with a weirder cast of characters. […]

  27. […] Century Boys continues to be as suspenseful and well-written as the first volume. Urasawa is a master of keeping us off balance as we read the series. He does this by moving […]

  28. […] Viz Signature line continues with new installments for two very well-regarded series: 20th Century Boys Volume 10 and Ooku: The Inner Chambers Volume 4 promise to continue these series’ […]

  29. […] on a unique twist. Also out from the Signature line (my favorite manga imprint) are new volumes of 20th Century Boys (Book 9, MAR10 1176, $12.99) and Children of the Sea (Book 3, MAR10 1175, […]

  30. […] They Were 11) are all out of print, but if we reach further afield, Ooku: The Inner Chambers, 20th Century Boys, and Pluto, some of the best books of last year, are also science fiction. I’m going to be […]

  31. […] the language or concept is too big a stumbling block for you, then here’s a second choice: 20th Century Boys Book 10, the latest chapter of the epic by Naoki Urasawa. It’s a sprawling adventure […]

  32. […] Previous review […]

  33. This is literally the best manga I’ve ever read. Volume seven, I’m at, and I can’t stop buying them. I’m gonna go broke before too long… but at least it’ll be worth it.

  34. […] today’s the day the latest volume of Naoki Urasawa’s 20th Century Boys mega-series comes out, I thought it might also be a good time to share with you this amazing piece […]

  35. […] ready for the final final volume, since 20th Century Boys is over but there are still many questions to answer. This book promises to explore how the Friend […]

  36. […] is the most exciting! Master Keaton by Naoki Urasawa, author of the wonderful Pluto, Monster, and 20th Century Boys, will be published in North America in December as a Viz Signature title. (It’s also coming […]

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